These new batteries were formerly merely scientific projects, but they are set to completely transform electric vehicles.
All That New Battery Technologies Are Supposed To Provide To Electric Cars Is A Longer Range, Faster Charging, Less Degradation Of Range Over Time, And A Lower Price Tag On The Label. And Despite The Fact That, On A Day-To-Day Basis, I Continue To Be More Enthusiastic About Charging Advances Like Gm’s Recent Growth With Pilot And Evgo Or Tesla Superchargers Embracing The World, Here Are Several New Battery Technologies That Are Strong Contenders For My Passion.
In Terms Of Lithium Ion, There Is Still A Significant Distance To Travel.
Sila Nanotechnologies is replacing the graphite anode that makes up much of the bulk and about 15 percent of the weight of today’s lithium ion batteries with a form of silicon that the company claims will give battery cells an increase in energy density of 20 to 40 percent while also making charging go more quickly.
This shift would be roughly equivalent to a Ford F-150 getting 25 miles per gallon this year but 35 miles per gallon in the following model year, an unprecedented increase.
In 2025, it appears that Mercedes will be the first customer to offer the Sila technology as an elite option in their brand-new electric EQG vehicle. Energy density is especially important in large vehicles like the EQG because their girth has a tendency to magnify the shortcomings of current batteries.
These batteries have to be large and heavy in order to move something large and heavy even a respectable distance, which creates a cycle that is decidedly not in the spirit of virtue.
Another Business To Keep An Eye On Is Called Group 14, Which Is Bringing Porsche On Board As A Lead Partner In The Marriage Of Silicon And Lithium. Growing Silicon Nanowires On The Graphite Anode That Is Found In A Lithium Battery Is One Of The Strategies That One Is Researching.
All Of These Strategies Speed Up The Process Of Bringing New Products To Market By Capitalizing On The High Performance And Widespread Acceptance Offered By Lithium Battery Technologies.
A Significant Step Forward For Sodium-Ion Batteries.
The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Has Just Recently Announced That They Have Made A Breakthrough In Sodium Ion Battery Technology. This New Technology Promises To Charge Many Times Without Degradation, Be Naturally Extinguishing, And Not Be A Toxic Headache. Current Electric Vehicle Batteries Struggle With Temperature Changes.
The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (Pnnl) Asserts That It Has Discovered A Method To Stabilize The Inherently Unstable Parts Of Sodium Ion Technology, But It Must Still Address The Technology’s Significantly Lower Energy Density In Comparison To Lithium Ion. Cobalt Is A Problematic And Poisonous Material That Is Currently Used In Electric Vehicle Batteries.
The Researchers At Pnnl Believe That They Will Be Able To Reduce Or Eliminate The Use Of Cobalt In The Formula.
Information Concerning Solid State Batteries
The Term “Solid State Battery Technology” Was Chosen Since It Often Refers To Batteries Made Of Securely Compressed Hard Materials As Opposed To The Slightly Mushy And Moist Substance That Is Typically Used To Make Up Lithium Batteries.
Although The Fact That A Solid State Battery Is Made Up Of Tough Elements That Are Encased In A Rigid Packaging Isn’t The Primary Factor That Contributes To Its Superior Performance, It Is A Straightforward Way To Define A Construction That Promises A Great Deal Of Advantages:
Greater Energy Density. This Could Result In An Electric Vehicle With A Range That Is Significantly Greater Than That Of A Battery Of The Same Size, Or The Range Of A Battery That Is Significantly Smaller And More Affordable In The Future. The Latter Is, In My Opinion, The More Transformative Of The Two.
Enhanced Rate Of Charging Solid-State Batteries Aim To Achieve Full Charges In Under 30 Minutes As A Matter Of Course, Despite The Fact That This Time Frame Is Now Considered Relatively Exceptional. It’s Possible That Faster Charging Periods For Electric Vehicles Will Completely Alter How People Think About Them.
A Longer Life For The Cycle. You Might Have Read The Most Recent Piece I Wrote About The Issue Of Electric Vehicle Batteries Being Retired Prematurely Because Repeated Charging Causes Them To Lose A Sizable Amount Of Their Capacity. Gm’s Strategy To Develop A Battery With A Life Span Of One Million Miles Relies Heavily On Solid State Technology.
Stability Under Heat Conditions Current Lithium Batteries Have Become Synonymous With Fire Risk; However, Solid State Systems Promise Little To No Chance Of Thermal Runaway. Silicon Batteries, Such As The Ones That Were Discussed Earlier, Are Thought To Be Able To Eliminate This Problem To A Great Extent As Well.
Who Is Going To Be In Charge Of Doing This Magic?
The Recent Announcement By Solid Power That It Would Begin Low-Volume Production With The Support Of Both Ford And Bmw Propelled The Company To The Forefront Of Recent News Stories. Notably, Manufacture May Be Done On The Same Lines That Make Ordinary Lithium Ion Batteries Today, Which Is A Potentially Enormous Advantage For The Manufacturing Industry. It’s Possible That Mass Production Won’t Begin Until 2024.
The Startup Quantumscape, Which Has Received Financing From Volkswagen And Has Been Described As “The Most Promising Approach To Electromobility Of The Future” By The Automaker, Has Been The Subject Of Perhaps The Most Conversation.
The Ceramic Separator That Quantumscape Has Developed Between Its Anode And Cathode Allows Its Cells To Charge From 10 Percent To 80 Percent In Less Than 15 Minutes, And It Also Allows The Battery To Lose Very Little Capacity After Repeated Charges.
According To A Recent Article Published By Nikkei, Toyota Is By Far The World Leader In Solid State Battery Patents, And The Company Has Stated That It Plans To Have A Limited Production Vehicle Employing The Technology By The Year 2025.
Recently, Buzzy Electric Vehicle (Ev) Startup Vinfast Made A Commitment To Invest In Solid State Battery Company Prologium With The Purpose Of Purchasing Batteries That May Be In The Vietnamese Manufacturer’s Electric Automobiles By The Year 2024.
Is It Worth It To Hold Off On This?
Some of the goal dates that I mentioned before might appear to be within striking distance, but you should take them with a grain of salt: If any of these battery technologies missed their target deadlines for commercial production, it would come as no surprise to anyone.
On top of that, there is often a lengthy lead time in the automotive industry between a new technology becoming technically available and it becoming widely available in automobiles that are priced competitively. When you add on top of that my overarching reluctance to ever purchase a new vehicle, you start to move closer to the longer end of the range of five to ten years.
I would evaluate an electric vehicle based on the options that are already available because these innovative new battery technologies are most likely going to be at least one full car ownership cycle away for the consumer who is value-conscious.
Having said that, these battery technologies will emerge early enough in the curve of electric vehicle adoption to be substantial contributors to its tipping point.